Software engineering is a rapidly growing field in Information Technology, with its focus on software’s impact on society. Software engineering seeks to address the full range of issues surrounding software from design and concept through production and usage. Software engineering thus combines theoretical knowledge with practical experience. Software engineering concepts like software modeling, formal specification, design and code analysis are at the heart of this growing field.
It is an ideal career choice for those who enjoy programming, however there are no formal education requirements for entering this field. Many software engineers started as computer science majors. A few others have studied computer science and math and have obtained some minor degrees in these subjects. Although some may have formal training in an IT field, most software engineering jobs require candidates to have a bachelor’s degree in computer science, information science or math. The number of entry level positions for this position is expected to steadily grow over the next few years.
Typically, software engineering jobs require one to two years of graduate-level research in a relevant area. Most graduates will choose to work on software product design teams, starting with simple user requirements. In more advanced software engineering positions, the project may end up becoming a system development project. These projects involve detailed programming language and architectural designs. They often require an in-depth understanding of both business and hardware markets, as well as understanding of the social problems that face today’s businesses.
Software engineering is an important element of information technology, because without it, a company would be unable to produce, publish and sell its products to customers. The ability to use software products to develop, test and distribute software products allows companies to remain competitive in today’s market. Software engineering also contributes to the economy by bringing new software development jobs to local businesses, reducing travel costs for employees and stimulating more consumer demand for new software products. Finally, it has the potential to significantly impact society by producing new software products that improve people’s lives.
As new technologies emerge and become available to the public, software engineering principles are increasingly used to create new software applications and systems. Because these principles are scalable, flexible and maintainable, they provide a solid foundation for developing software products. In addition, the resulting products can be released into the public at much less cost than developing them from scratch.
In the face of today’s software crisis, it is comforting to know that the future of businesses rests in good software engineering practices. Software engineering jobs are likely to continue to be a mainstay in the technologies used by corporations for many years to come. With the proper training, these new software engineering graduates can soon find themselves working in a variety of departments within a variety of industries.